我系王伟副教授课题组研究生杨传贺同学题为“Influence of aluminium accumulation on biological nitrification and phosphorus removal in an anoxic–oxic membrane bioreactor”的论文被SCI期刊《Environmental Science and Pollution Research》接收发表。
摘要：Poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) is often used to enhance phosphorus removal and control membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). However, the influence of aluminium accumulation on the biological nitrification and phosphorus removal of MBRs has not been well assessed. In the present study, the effects of accumulated aluminium on sludge activity and morphology were investigated in a lab-scale anoxic–oxic membrane bioreactor. The reasonably high removal efficiencies of NH4+-N, TN, and COD, i.e. 94.9%, 84.8%, and 92.8%, respectively, were achieved in the reactor when the percentage of atomic aluminium on sludge surface increased to 14.2%. However, the decreases in the ammonia oxidation rate, nitrite oxidation rate, and specific oxygen uptake rate of sludge by 82.1%, 79.8%, and 46.4%, respectively, were observed. Meanwhile, the activity of phosphate-accumulating organisms was completely inhibited. Furthermore, the protein content in the extracellular polymeric substances of sludge decreased substantially, and the sludge became more dispersed due to the alum accumulation, compared with that of the initial phase. Therefore, long-term dosing of PAC in the MBR should be managed to avoid excessive aluminium accumulation in the sludge.